Electric bikes are fast growing in popularity, and ‘fast’ really is the only word for it.
This is because, unlike traditional bikes that are purely pedal powered, electric bikes have electric motors which are assisted by your pedaling.
You can cover greater distances in a shorter time, and expend far less effort in the process. Getting to the shops, to work, or just getting some fresh air no longer needs to be a sweaty, or lengthy, affair.
But exactly how fast do these new-fangled bikes go? And are their rules and regulations in place concerning their speed? We break down the basics, and walk you through all you need to know about electric bikes.
What is the Max Speed Of An Electric Bike?
In terms of speed, most electric bikes can reach speeds around to 20 mph. However, this depends on the size of the bike, its battery capacity, and the power output of the motor. The most powerful electric bikes are capable of reaching maximum speeds of 35 -45 mph.
The average regular bike is able to reach a max speed of around 20 mph when the cyclist is peddling at their hardest. The maximum speed of e-bikes is designed to mimic this speed but take away the physical effort needed to achieve it.
What Are E-Bike Classifications?
Electric Bikes are split into three respective classes. Class 1 e-bikes, Class 2 e-bikes, and Class 3 e-bikes. These classifications are based on the type of motor used, and the amount of power they provide.
- Class 1 electric bikes can reach a top speed of 12-15mph, while the maximum motor wattage is up to 250W. With these e-bikes, you can preserve battery power whilst enjoying longer mileage.
- Class 2 e-bikes have both a pedal assist and a throttle (usually located on the handlebar). These e-bikes have a maximum wattage of 500 and can reach top speeds of between 18-20 mph.
- Class 3 e-bikes have upgraded motors with maximum wattage of 750. This means they can reach speeds of 28 mph, and as such there are more rules and regulations involved when riding a class 3 e-bike.
What Is The Fastest Electric Bike?
1000 W Electric bikes are fairly fast. They are capable of reaching top speeds of approximately 35 mph. However, their speed normally ranges from 25 to 30 mph. This is great for people who need to get to places quickly.
How Quick Are 1000 W Electric Bikes in Kilometers Per Hour?
These bikes should be able to get to a maximum speed of roughly 56 km/h.
What Is The Speed Limit for Electric Bikes?
The legislation will vary from place to place, though a lot of countries have a speed limit that is between 15 and 20 mph. Most US States have a speed limit of 20 mph for electric bikes. This is designed to keep cyclists and pedestrians safe.
What Factors Affect The Speed Of E-Bikes?
The main factor that affects how fast an e-bike can go is the size and wattage of its motor. Of course, speed will be impacted by several other factors as well.
The amount of weight on the bike, the tire pressure, wheel size, battery power and voltage, and controller amp will all affect the maximum speed that your e-bike can achieve.
Does Terrain Affect The Speed Of An E-Bike?
The type of terrain that you are riding on can slow you down just as they would if you were riding a normal bike.
Rocky and uneven terrains will slow you down. Meanwhile, city environments with smooth roads will allow you to reach higher speeds. As with any bike, flat terrain will be ideal.
Class 3 e-bikes with race track mode will be less affected by terrain than Class 1 and 2 e-bikes.
Do Weather Conditions Affect The Speed Of An E-Bike?
Windy weather can certainly cause the top speed of your e-bike to be reduced as it causes resistance against the bike as you ride. Extremely cold weather can also impact the lithium-ion batteries and cause the electric power to be reduced.
Why Is My E-Bike Slow?
If your e-bike is riding slow, the most likely reason will be that your battery is low. Check the charge level and recharge it to enjoy top speeds again.
What Is A Pedal Assist Motor?
A pedal assist motor is an electronic device that assists with your pedaling efforts. It does this by providing assistance as soon as you start to pedal. As soon as you begin to push off from the ground, the motor kicks into action.
This means that you don’t have to exert any extra energy over what you would normally use to propel yourself forward. Instead, the motor takes care of the hard work for you.
Does Pedaling Affect The Speed Of An E-Bike?
Most Class 1 and 2 e-bike motor assistance will cut off at 20 mph. Beyond this speed you will have to ride on your own steam.
Below this speed, the electric motor will respond to your pedal power so that you can ride slowly when you wish to, as well as reaching those top speeds.
Throttle or Pedal Assist? Which is Better?
Both throttle and pedal assist motors are effective ways to help you ride faster. Both methods provide assistance to your pedaling effort. If you want to ride more efficiently, then look for a model that offers both modes.
Is There Any Difference Between Throttle And Pedal Assist Motors?
There is no difference in terms of performance. They both offer the same levels of support. However, there is a slight difference in their design.
Pedal assist motors are usually placed under the bottom bracket whereas throttle motors are often located on the handlebars.
What Are The Rules For Riding E-Bikes On Public Roads?
There are currently no laws regarding the use of electric bikes on public roads. However, there are many organizations who advocate for them to become legal.
These include the League of American Bicyclists, the Bicycle Federation of America, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
If you want to ride an electric bike on public roads, then you will need to follow local traffic laws. If you don’t, then you could face fines, or worse.
Where Can I Ride My Electric Bike?
As mentioned earlier, there are currently no laws governing the use of electric bikes. This means that you can ride them anywhere you like.
However, if you plan on doing so, be aware that some areas may not allow them. You should check before setting out.
For example, some states prohibit the use of electric bicycles on sidewalks. Others restrict them to designated bicycle paths only.
Other places might require you to register your electric bike with the authorities. So make sure you do so
Do I Need A License To Ride An E-Bike?
In the majority of US states, you do not need a license to ride an e-bike unless it is a class 3 e-bike that can go faster than 28mph. E-bikes that exceed 28mph will need a license to be ridden.
Do I Need To Register My E-Bike?
Once again, in most US states, e-bikes do not need to be officially registered unless they exceed 28 mph. Class 3 e-bikes generally fall into the category of needing to be a licensed vehicle.
Electric bikes are a great alternative for people who like cycling but need a speedier choice. As such, they are perfect for cycling enthusiasts that cannot afford expensive gas-powered bikes.
They can reach really fast speeds, consequently, giving you a thrilling and effortless cycling experience that is like no other.